Kevin Ducbao Tran

I am a Lecturer in Economics at the School of Economics at the University of Bristol interested in topics of Digital Economics and Behavioural IO (inconclusive list).

I obtained my Ph.D. in a joint program of the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin), the Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), and the Berlin School of Economics (BSE).


@

Research

Research

Publications

Working Papers

Partitioned Pricing and Consumer Welfare

[DIW Discussion Paper 1888]

In online commerce, obfuscation strategies by sellers are hypothesized to mislead consumers to their detriment and to the profit of sellers. One such obfuscation strategy is partitioned pricing in which the price is split into a base price and add-on fees. While empirical evidence suggests that partitioned pricing affects consumer decisions through salience effects, its consumer welfare consequences are largely unexplored. Therefore, I provide a quantification of the welfare impact of the behavioral response to partitioned pricing. To do so, I derive a discrete choice model that jointly allows for differences in the reaction to marginal changes in add-on fees and the base price as well as a discontinuous effect of a zero fee. The model is based on a framework on limited attention and I estimate it using web scraped data of posted price transactions on eBay Germany. My results suggest under-reaction to marginal changes in the shipping fee, consistent with previous results in the literature. However, I also document a discontinuous positive effect of free shipping on consumer demand, which is novel to the literature. The combined impact of these effects on consumer welfare is less than six percent of consumer surplus. The welfare impact is attenuated because the maximum shipping fee on eBay is capped and the free shipping effect partly counteracts the under-reaction to shipping fees in expectation.

Airbnb and Rental Markets: Evidence from Berlin

(joint with Tomaso Duso, Claus Michelsen, and Maximilian Schäfer; was circulated as "Airbnb and Rents: Evidence from Berlin")

[Older versions: DIW Discussion Paper 1890, Bristol Discussion Paper 21/746, CEPR DP16150, CESifo Working Paper No. 9089]

Non-academic publication (German): DIW Wochenbericht 7 / 2021

Press coverage (German): taz, heise online, Spiegel, n-tv

Podcast (German): Man lernt nie aus

This article evaluates how two policy interventions in Berlin, Germany, have affected the supply of Airbnb listings in the city. We exploit this policy-induced variation to assess how Airbnb affects Berlin's rental market. Both interventions significantly reduced the overall number of Airbnb listings but affected professional hosts - defined either based on booking availability or on revenues - differentially. Using this quasi-exogenous variation in Airbnb supply, we show that the presence of Airbnb reduces the long-term rental supply. This effect is driven by professional hosts. We estimate that one additional nearby professional Airbnb listings crowds out 0.4 to 0.9 long-term rentals and increases the asked square-meter rent by 1.2 to 5.6 percent on average depending on the specification.

Airbnb, Hotels, and Localized Competition

(joint with Maximilian Schäfer)

[DIW Discussion Paper 1889]

The rise of online platforms has disrupted numerous traditional industries. A prime example is the short-term accommodation platform Airbnb and how it affects the hotel industry. On the one hand, consumers can profit from Airbnb due to an increased number of choices and lower prices. On the other hand, critics of the platform argue that it allows professional hosts to operate de facto hotels while being subject to much laxer regulation. Understanding the nature of competition between Airbnb and hotels as well as quantifying consumer welfare gains from Airbnb is important to inform the debate on necessary platform regulation. In this paper, we analyze competition between hotels and Airbnb listings as well as the effect of Airbnb on consumer welfare. For this purpose, we use granular daily-level data from Paris for the year 2017. We estimate a nested logit model of demand that allows for consumer segmentation along accommodation types and the different districts within the city. We extend prior research by accounting for the localized nature of competition within districts of the city. Our results suggest that demand is segmented by district as well as accommodation type. Based on the parameter estimates, we calibrate a supply-side model to assess how Airbnb affects hotel revenues and consumer welfare. Our simulations imply that Airbnb increases average consumer surplus by 4.3 million euro per night and reduces average hotel revenues by 1.8 million euro. Furthermore, we find that 28 percent of Airbnb travelers would choose hotels if Airbnb did not exist.

Value for Money and Selection: How Pricing Affects Airbnb Ratings

(joint with Christoph Carnehl, Maximilian Schäfer, and André Stenzel)

We investigate the impact of prices on seller ratings. In a stylized model, we illustrate two opposing channels through which pricing affects overall ratings and rating subcategories. First, higher prices reduce the perceived value for money which worsens ratings. Second, higher prices increase the taste-based valuation of the average traveler which improves ratings. Using data from Airbnb, we document a negative relationship between prices and ratings for most rating subcategories indicating that the value-for-money effect dominates the selection effect. In line with our model, we find that hosts of low-rating listings exert more effort than those of high-rating listings. Finally, an empirical assessment of the dynamics in the market suggests that taking the effect of prices on future ratings into account pays off: entrants who set low entry prices obtain better ratings and higher revenues in the medium run. A median entry discount of 8.5 percentage points increases medium-run monthly revenues by approximately 50 euros.

Work in Progress

The role of gender in fairness rating and performance. Evidence from mixed- vs. same-gender competition

(joint with Felix Hagemeister and Marica Valente)

Teaching

Teaching Experience

2021, 2022

ECON30076 Industrial Economics (Third-year undergraduate)

University of Bristol

EFIMM0107 Competitive Strategy (MSc)

Unit Director from 2022
University of Bristol

2019, 2022

Short Course on Web Scraping

Initially designed and taught jointly with Julian Harke
View on GitHub
DIW Berlin

2021

Introduction to Web Scraping (Short course)

ifo Institute

2017, 2018

Preparatory Math Course (Ph.D. level)

Teaching Assistant in exercise sessions accompanying the lecture
DIW Berlin

2015

Bachelorseminar Rechnungswesen (Bachelor's Thesis Seminar Accounting)

Supervised students in the seminar to prepare them for work on their Bachelor's thesis
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

2010, 2012, 2013, 2014

Externes Rechnungswesen (Financial Accounting, undergraduate level)

Teaching Assistant in weekly exercise sessions accompanying the lecture
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Research Interests

Empirical IO, Behavioural Economics, Digital Economy

Academic Positions

2020 - Present

Lecturer in Economics

School of Economics, University of Bristol

Education

2020

Ph.D. in Economics (Dr. rer. oec.)

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) joint with Technische Universität Berlin and Berlin School of Economics

Autumn 2019

Research Visit

Haas School of Business, University of California at Berkeley

2015

Master of Science in Economics and Management Science

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

2012

Bachelor of Science in Business Administration

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin

Other Interests

Photography, Football, Rock Climbing, Longboarding, Playing the Piano


Last update: September 21, 2022